What intensity is best?
By Simon Moore – Director of Sport Jeppe Rowing
Coaches are always faced with the challenge of producing a program which will allow the athletes to get fitter and stronger. So what does the research say about intensity in rowing training?
Ingham et al. (2007) assessed the impact of low-intensity and mixed-intensity rowing training on physiological and performance responses in experienced rowers.
Eighteen experienced rowers trained 12 weeks either below lactate threshold (LT) (LOW) or 70% below LT and 30% at halfway between the VO2 at LT and VO2peak (MIX). Performance was assessed before and after the 12-week period by a progressive exercise test to exhaustion and a maximal 2000 m ergometer time trial.
The 2000 m ergometer performance improved significantly (P < 0.001) for both groups. However, LOW intensity training group increased more power at LT (23.5 ± 12.2 vs. 5.1 ± 5.0 W, P = 0.013) and power at the blood lactate level of 4 mM (32.3 ± 6.9 vs. 13.1 ± 3.7 W, P = 0.03) compared with MIX.
What to learn from this?
Physiological and performance responses to both types of training were similar, although LOW intensity training group improved the workload at submaximal intensities more than the MIX training group. Therefore, the adaptation of low intensity training is probably more effective compared to mixed training due to its concentrated effect on lipid metabolism. This should be taken into account by the coaches when planning the intensities for long distance rowing. Moreover, it is important for coaches to check whether the athlete truly trained at low intensity or actually switched to higher intensities during the workout.
If you are interested in further rowing research, a great resource is https://academy.sportlyzer.com